The adoption of energy-efficient data center cooling solutions will help operators build facilities with PUE of about 1.1–1.2 in the global market. The implementation of free cooling solutions can reduce the cooling energy consumption by 50% and reduce overall water consumption in the facilities. The introduction of inventive and modern infrastructure will result in reduced power consumption and decreased carbon footprint in the global market. The leading operators are investing in the incorporation of real-time monitoring and artificial intelligence in the management of data center infrastructure. The increasing use of direct liquid cooling and liquid immersion cooling techniques will revolutionize the data center market.

The data center cooling market in America is likely to reach values of around $2.5 billion by 2023, growing at a CAGR of about 6% during the forecast period.

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The different data center cooling systems in the market are:

1.    CRAC and CRAH Units

CRAC and CRAH units are floor or roof mounted precision air conditioners that supply cold air inside the data hall. A CRAC unit comprises an in-built direct expansion (DX) refrigeration cycle.  These units also include compressors for the refrigeration cycle.  In CRAC units, the air is blown over a cooling coil filled with refrigerant or glycol or condensed water.  CRAC units with multistage compressors are also gaining traction in the data center cooling market. These cooling systems work with other cooling units such as chillers, cooling tower, dry coolers, and condensers to offer maximum cooling in facilities in the global market. The data center cooling systems market in Americas by CRAC and CRAH units is projected to grow at a CARG of over 5% during the forecast period.

2.    Chiller Units

Chiller units are adopted along with cooling towers, dry coolers, or condensers to exhaust the hot air from the facility. The use of chiller units has enabled operators to equip high-density rack infrastructure with a highly concentrated cluster of servers. Chiller units are the major consumers of electricity in the facilities that require a reliable and dedicated power supply. Additionally, the adoption of free cooling chillers available in the market that are highly efficient in power consumption will transform the market. The development of smart technologies that enable operations based on outside temperatures will create new opportunities for vendors in the data center cooling market. The data center cooling systems market in Americas by chiller units is estimated to grow at a CAGR of approximately 5% by 2023.

3.    Cooling Tower and Dry Coolers

Cooling towers and dry coolers are the heat rejection infrastructure adopted by data centers. These cooling towers and dry coolers are used in both air-based and liquid-based cooling techniques. Most of the facilities the Americas are involved in the use of water-cooled systems that include CRAH, chillers, and cooling towers or dry coolers to operate. A cooling tower reduces the incoming water temperature through air flow resulting the supply of water to flow to the chiller unit. Dry coolers are mostly associated with air-cooled chiller units, where cooling towers are used in conjunction with liquid-cooled chiller units. The construction of modern facilities will boost the adoption of these solutions in the data center cooling market. The market in Americas by cooling towers and dry coolers are expected to grow at a CAGR of over 5% over the next few years.

4.    Economizers and Evaporative Coolers

Economizers are of two types which includes air-side economizers and water-side economizers. These systems are mostly used to take complete advantage of free cooling in data centers. In addition, these chillers are also offered with economizers to reduce the power consumption by chiller units during winter. Evaporative cooling solutions are of four types that consist of in-duct direct, exhaust air, direct, and indirect evaporative cooling systems that operate facilities at a PUE of less than 1.15. However, they completely depend on the design implementation of evaporative cooling systems inside the facility. The increasing adoption of these systems will help operators reduce power consumption across facilities in the American region.

The data center cooling systems market in Americas by economizers and evaporative coolers are anticipated to grow at a CAGR of over 7% during the forecast period.

The leading vendors in the data center cooling systems market in America are Airedale Air Conditioning, Rittal, Schneider Electric, STULZ, Trane (Ingersoll Rand), and Vertiv.

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