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This research report on the global data center power market covers sizing and forecast, share, industry trends, growth drivers, and vendor analysis. The study includes insights on the segmentation by Infrastructure (UPS systems, generators, rack PDU, transfer switches & switchgears, and other), UPS Systems (<=500kVA, 500–1000 kVA, >1000kVA), Generators (<=1MW, 1–2MW, >2MW), Tier Standards (Tier I and II, Tier III, and Tier IV), and Geography (North America, Western Europe, Nordic, Central & Eastern Europe, Middle East, Africa, Latin America, APAC).
The global data center power market witnessed significant growth with more than 400 new investment and expansion projects in 2019. With thousands of existing data centers across the globe, service operators and vendors are continuously working to improve the efficiency of the power infrastructure adopted to overcome regulatory and environmental challenges. Increasing innovations in server virtualization and the adoption of artificial intelligence-based servers have increased the demand for high-efficiency power and cooling infrastructure. To improve the efficiency of IT infrastructure operations in the facilities, the concept of the software-defined data center (SDDC) is gaining wide acceptance. The market is moving toward software-defined support infrastructure in the facilities. Multiple software vendors in the data center power market are partnering with major infrastructure providers to improve the efficiency of facilities using software-defined practices. The need for DCIM solution is witnessing growth due to the increasing number of facilities with high energy consumption and carbon emissions. Developing countries are identifying the potential benefit of using software solutions to monitor and automate new facilities. Hence, the increasing collaboration to improve capacity utilization through end-to-end automation of power infrastructure is driving the data center power market.
- North America is likely to dominate the data center power market with over 50 hyperscale development projects to be operational in the US and Canada in the coming years.
- The Nordic region will attract more hyperscale projects over the next three years. Iceland will be the most sought-after location for bitcoin mining operations, and it is likely to have a major impact on other Nordic regions during the forecast period.
- The adoption of standalone flywheel UPSs will increase gradually, however, the use of flywheel technology based on DRUPS will experience a high growth
- The application of scalable and modular power solutions along with prefabricated facilities is expected to contribute significantly to the growth
- Single-phase lithium-ion batteries to witness adoption among edge data center deployments
The data center power market is expected to grow at a CAGR of over 11% during the period 2019–2025.
DATA CENTER POWER MARKET: SEGMENTATION
This research report includes a detailed segmentation by infrastructure, UPS systems generators, tier standards, and geography.
INSIGHTS BY POWER INFRASTRUCTURE
UPS systems is the largest revenue contributor to the power backup systems market, followed by generators, transfer switches and switchgears, and PDUs. Due to the wide adoption of modular, scalable, and lithium-ion powered systems, the revenue from UPS systems is likely to rise during the forecast period. Diesel generators are expected to dominate in the coming years. However, gas and bi-fuel generators are likely to experience steady growth. With the development of > 10MW capacity and 20 kW rack power facilities in developing countries, the market for scalable UPS systems and rack-level UPS systems is expected to grow. A majority of the existing facilities are driven by the infrastructure in the N+N redundant configuration. Vendors are equipping their facilities with minimum N+1 distributed power systems with flexible designs supporting 2N+1 redundant infrastructure installations. The data center power market in Western Europe is expected to witness an absolute growth of over 7% during the forecast period. Major facilities are adopted UPS systems with N+1 redundancy and diesel generators in N+1 redundant configuration. A majority of investments are of greenfield projects, with service providers likely to expand their facilities. Hyperscale data center is likely to adopt DC systems and reduced dependence on generators as the facility is powered with renewable energy supplied through 99.99% reliable grids.
INSIGHTS BY UPS SYSTEM
Vendors are offering multiple UPS systems with a capacity of <=500 kVA. These systems are mostly adopted at the rack level with high implementation among small and medium-sized facilities. The growth of <=500 kVA UPS systems will be higher among prefabricated operators than traditional brick-and-mortar facilities. There are multiple facilities expansions with less than 1 MW capacity, which are adopting UPS systems with a capacity of less than 500 kVA. Hyperscale in-row/in-rack power solutions also contribute to the growth of
UPS systems with 500–1,000 kVA capacity are highly suitable for medium to large facilities. These systems are used in multiple data halls, supporting up to 3 MW of IT load capacity. The installation of lithium-ion UPS systems is likely to aid market growth. Hyperscale facilities offering support to HPC resources are more likely to adopt over 1000 kVA UPS systems. UPS systems with the capacity of >1,000 kVA are used in facilities with centralized UPS systems and systems that support cooling infrastructure. The use of these systems is likely to decline as they are expected to be replaced by multiple <1,000 kVA UPS on the rack/row level.
INSIGHTS BY GENERATORS
Market vendors are currently offering multiple generators with a capacity of less than 1 MW. However, the use of these systems highly depends on the energy consumed by the facilities. Like UPS systems, generators with a capacity of less than 1 MW are mostly adopted in modular data center deployments. They are also being adopted by small-scale operators and on-premise data center operators in developing countries since they are cost-effective. With facility operators moving toward edge computing, the adoption of these systems is expected to grow during the forecast period. DRUPS solutions are likely to witness an increased demand among data centers with multiple modules having a total capacity of over 1 MW in N+N redundant configurations. The increasing deployment of hyperscale facilities will continue to increase the demand for greater than 2 MW generators during the forecast period. Also, countries that face frequent electricity outages will install these systems in 2N redundant configurations with up to 72 hours of fuel backup on-site.
INSIGHTS BY TIER STANDARDS
There are a few small-scale colocation facilities that are likely to operate with redundancy in UPS systems and PDU devices among Tier II facilities. A majority of under-developed projects across the globe fall under the Tier III category. There are more than 350 projects that are open and under construction that fall into the Tier III category. This trend is likely to continue during the forecast period, with many operators likely to move to the Tier IV category based on the growth in rack power density and critical data center applications. Tier IV data centers are equipped with at least 2N+1 redundancy across infrastructure, making the facility fault-tolerant.
INSIGHTS BY GEOGRAPHY
The US is the leading market for data center power infrastructure. In terms of investment, Virginia, Arizona, Illinois, Nevada, California, Texas, Ohio, Tennessee, Iowa, and North Carolina have received more than $500 million of investment. Colocation and hyperscale self-built facilities are the major contributors to the market. The US is among the major contributor to the >2 MW data center generator investments segment. In Canada, multiple facilities have adopted 500 kVA UPS systems.
The data center market in Western Europe has witnessed significant growth in terms of investment. Germany has witnessed the highest investment followed by the Netherland, the UK, France, and Ireland. Germany witnessed the development of facilities over 200 MW capacity in 2019, followed by the UK and the Netherlands. Many facilities in Western Europe are being built to support OCP rack infrastructure solutions and higher rack power density, which increases the investment in modular power infrastructure.
The APAC region is expected to witness the implementation of edge computing in several countries, particularly China and India. This will grow the demand for modular rack-level power infrastructure solutions in the market. The region will invest heavily in higher capacity systems (>500 kVA) to increase market revenue. Many facilities, especially in Southeast Asia, Australia, and Japan, are involved in the procurement of DRUPS systems that prevent the use of VRLA-based UPS systems.
Key Regions Profiled
- North America
- Western Europe
- Central & Eastern Europe
- Middle East
- Latin America
KEY VENDOR ANALYSIS
The data center power market is witnessing increasing competition. The market is becoming highly competitive, with solution providers innovating product offerings to increase efficiency and reliability. ABB, Eaton, Cummins, Caterpillar, Schneider Electric, and Vertiv are the leading players for UPS and rack PDUs. Facility operators are focused on operating carbon emission-free data centers. Infrastructure providers are continuously innovating and improving backup sources. The emergence of nickel-zinc batteries and the growing procurement of lithium-ion batteries will continue to intensify the competition. In developing countries, partnerships with local service providers and resellers will enhance revenues for vendors. The use of DC systems in hyperscale facilities is likely to witness significant growth.
Key Company Profiles
- Schneider Electric
Other Prominent Vendors – AEG Power Solutions, Artesyn Embedded Technologies (Aligned Energy), Black Box Network Services (AGC Networks), Bloom Energy (Fuel Cells), Chatsworth Products, Cisco Systems, Controlled Power Company, Crenlo, Cyber Power Systems, Delta Group, Euro-Diesel (KINOLT), Fuji Electric, Generac Power Systems, Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE), Hitachi Hi-Rel Power Electronics, Hitech Power Protection, Hitzinger, KOEL (Kirloskar Group), KOHLER (SDMO), Legrand, Mitsubishi, MTU On Site Energy (Rolls Royce Power Systems AG), Natron Energy, Panduit, Piller Power Systems, Pramac, Riello UPS, Rittal, Shenzhen KSTAR Science And Technology, Socomec, Toshiba, Virtual Power Systems, Yanmar Group, ZAF Energy System and ZincFive
KEY MARKET INSIGHTS INCLUDE
The report provides the following insights into the data center power market during the forecast period 2020–2025.
- It offers comprehensive insights into current industry trends, trend forecasts, and growth drivers about the market.
- The report provides the latest analysis of share, growth drivers, challenges, and investment opportunities.
- It offers a complete overview of segments and the regional outlook of the data center power market.
- The study offers a detailed overview of the vendor landscape, competitive analysis, and key strategies to gain competitive advantage.
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