THE GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET WAS VALUED AT USD 2.7 BILLION IN 2021 AND IS EXPECTED TO REACH USD 4.1 BILLION BY 2027, GROWING AT A CAGR OF 7.27%.

The Global Eye Testing Equipment Market Size, Share, Trends, Analysis by

  • Test Equipment: Autorefractor & Phoropter, Optical Coherence Tomography, Fundus Camera, Perimetry, Tonometer, Biometer, Slit lamp, and Others
  • Application: Cataract, General Examination, Glaucoma, Age-Related Macular Degeneration, and other
  • End-User: Hospitals & Eye Clinics, Ambulatory Surgical Centers (ASC), Optometry Academic Institutes
  • Geography: North America, Europe, APAC, Latin America, Middle East and Africa

Industry Report, Regional Outlook, Growth Potential, Price Trends, Competitive Market Share, & Forecast 2022-2027

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Most Exhaustive Report

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291 Pages

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113 Tables

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156 Charts

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5 Regions

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18 Countries

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44 Companies

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4 Market Segment

EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET REPORT SCOPE

Report Attribute Details
Market Size (2027) USD 4.1 Billion
Market Size (2021) USD 2.7 Billion
CAGR (2022-2027) 7.27%
Base Year 2021
Forecast Year 2022-2027
Market Segments Test Equipment, Application, End-user, and Geography
Geographic Analysis North America, Europe, APAC, Latin America, Middle East and Africa

MARKET ANALYSIS

The global eye testing equipment market was valued at USD 2.7 billion in 2021 and is expected to reach USD 4.1 billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 7.27% during the forecasted period. 

Eye testing equipment is in demand due to the increasing availability of the rising eye care services and rising awareness among consumers. The consistent demand for eye examination and treatment in developed countries propels market growth.

The global eye examination and treatment market growth is due to the rising prevalence of cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and age-related macular degeneration. Cataract diseases and other ophthalmic disorders fuel the demand for advanced eye examination and treatment equipment. The prevalence of eye diseases is increasing globally with desk-based jobs and prolonged screen time among working professionals and children due to the higher penetration of smartphones over the last decade.

Eye Testing Equipment Market Size

 

Increasing Access & Awareness of Eye Care Among People in Developing Economies

  • In developing economies, eye care services and associated awareness have increased in recent years. According to Brookings economic report 2021, there will be around 7% growth in GDP by 2040 in developing countries, and the capital size will reach approximately $4.4 trillion by 2040
  • Globally, around 2.5 billion population have poor vision, vision loss, and other associated disorders. The prevalence of vision loss dropped from 4.58% in 1995 to 3.37% during 2015-2016. The decreasing prevalence rate shows the increasing awareness and advancements in the eye care industry. The WHO devised Action Plan 2014-2019 for strengthening eye health in developing and developed countries.
  • In developing economies such as India, China, and sub-Saharan Africa countries, around 60% of individuals suffer from vision-related problems. Such a high percentage of people with vision-related problems fuel the demand for eye care services.
  • Increasing government and non-profit organizations' activity to raise awareness for vision care and vision-related problems is one of the major factors driving the global eye testing equipment market. Furthermore, worldwide awareness campaigns such as "VISION 2020 – The Right to Sight" emphasize collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) and several non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to prevent blindness and improve eye care services.

High Prevalence of Eye Disorders

  • Increasing stress, exposure to digital screens, and the rising prevalence of chronic diseases are major factors responsible for increasing eye disorders. The WHO states that the burden of eye diseases is growing consistently, posing an enormous global financial burden. Global productivity losses due to vision impairment, such as myopia and presbyopia, estimated the costs are around US$244 billion & $25.4 billion.
  • According to the WHO, around 39 million people are blind globally, and 246 million are visually impaired. A significant number of the world's visually impaired people live in developing countries. The top three reasons for visual impairment are uncorrected refractive errors, glaucoma, and cataract, while the leading three causes of blindness are glaucoma, cataract, and macular degeneration. With regular eye checkups, testing, and preventive care, the prevalence of visual impairment can be minimized to a great extent. This encourages consumers to increase expenditure on eye care and eye care professionals to procure highly advanced and innovative eye testing equipment.

Rising Acceptance of Digital, AI-driven Solutions for Eye Diagnosis & Surgeries

  • The increasing importance of digital tools for eye inspection has boosted the demand for eye diagnoses and procedures. The rising prevalence of eye illnesses and digital devices are likely to open up new business opportunities. Pre-testing equipment for the eyes, such as digital fundus retinal photography, is now commonly available.
  • Digital fundus retinal photography allows opticians to explain the detailed eye health of patients for further procedures. Fully computerized eye testing equipment solves significant problems regarding the lenses and instruments used in testing.
  • In recent years, the increased demand for AI in ophthalmology for integrating intelligent algorithms has aided in a better understanding of technological capabilities to assess and apply AI constructively.
  • The increasing demand for machine learning in ophthalmology gives new market growth opportunities to ophthalmologists for handling fundus photography, slit-lamp imaging, and optical coherence tomography (OCT).

GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET SEGMENTATION

The autorefractor and phoropter testing equipment segment accounted for around 30% of the global eye testing equipment market share. Autorefractor is a computer-controlled machine used to objectively examine a person's refractive error. It is mainly used to deliver the prescription for contact lenses and glasses. A phoropter is used to manually determine refraction - the exact shape and curve of a lens that must be employed to restore normal vision. A phoropter is the most vital eye test equipment used to test individual lenses on each eye during an eye examination.

Similarly, optical coherence tomography test equipment (OCT) is a well-known non-invasive imaging technology used for obtaining high-resolution cross-sectional image presentation of the retina. Fundus camera helps to take photographs of the eye's interior structure through the pupil. With the increasing prevalence of eye diseases and rising demand for eye disorders, the fundus camera plays a vital role in detecting the condition through a series of photographs. Tonometry is vital equipment used to measure the pressure inside a person's eye, such as intraocular pressure, to determine the risk of glaucoma.

Biometer is used for analyzing the intraocular lens power of the eyes as a standard gold method by eye specialists. It accounted for 6.81% of the global market share. Slit-lamp is a microscope-like structure with bright light used to look at different structures inside the eyes. With the rising prevalence of visual impairment in people, the demand for slit lamps has increased in the market.

Among all applications, the cataract segment accounted for around 35% of the global market share in 2021. A cataract is a major blindness-causing condition across the globe. Therefore, the increasing burden of cataracts globally is driving the demand for eye testing equipment.

The general examination segment accounted for around 22% of the market share in 2021. Increasing hospital and ophthalmology clinic visits from children to adults have resulted from an increased need for eye exams due to mild-to-severe disorders. Regular eye checks and examinations are becoming more popular as the prevalence of eye problems rises and the demand for diagnosis rises. General eye examinations are an important element of healthcare for persons between the ages of 18 and 60. Every two years, at least one eye examination is suggested in adults aged 65 and above. A broad range of eye equipment is used for performing visual acuity, eye muscles, refraction, and visual field tests.

Glaucoma is one of the major eye diseases that require eye examination for treatment. Glaucoma diagnosis requires a slit lamp, OCT, tonometry, and perimetry. The rising aging population is increasing the prevalence of age-related macular degeneration, thus driving the demand for eye examinations. The age-related macular degeneration segment accounted for 7.13% of the market share in the global eye testing equipment market. Age-related macular degeneration is an eye disease in which the central portion of the eye gets blurred. OCT equipment is primely used to diagnose AMD. in the examination in which OCT takes a few minutes to deliver the 3D images of blood flow through the eyes. which help in the diagnosis. Slit lamps play a vital role in the examination of age-related macular degeneration. The prevalence of AMD is higher in adult people, where OCT plays a vital role in identifying the presence of the disease and its severity.

The hospitals and eye clinics segment dominated the market in 2021. The increasing number of specialty eye clinics, the rising demand for eye care services, and a rapidly increasing number of ophthalmologists drive the segment growth. Hospitals and eye clinics are considered the primary point of contact for people looking for eye care services. Due to their convenient location and approachability, people have easy access to a wide range of eye care services in hospitals and eye clinics.

The demand for ambulatory eye care services has been increasing in recent years with a surge in dedicated ASCs for ophthalmology. The concept of ASCs was first implemented in the field of ophthalmology. Universities and medical colleges have eye examination centers and provide large-scale eye care services. The rising number of optometry educational institutes, increasing number of additional specialty training programs for low vision testing diagnosis and treatment, and growing provision for large-scale eye care services delivery by these institutes have triggered the segment's growth.

North America is the major revenue contributor to the global eye testing equipment market due to the advancements in eye care services, high adoption of advanced products, continuously rising healthcare expenditure, and the presence of market players. North America and Europe together accounted for around 62% market share in the global eye testing equipment market in 2021. Though APAC, Latin America, & Middle East & Africa contributes relatively less to the global market in terms of revenue, they are likely to grow faster than North America and Europe markets during the forecast period.

Frequently Asked Questions

How big is the global eye testing equipment market?

The global eye testing equipment market was valued at USD 2.7 billion in 2021 and is expected to reach USD 4.1 billion by 2027.

What are the top trends driving the global eye examination equipment market?

The global eye examination and treatment market growth is due to the rising prevalence of cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and age-related macular degeneration. Cataract diseases and other ophthalmic disorders are fueling the demand for advanced eye examination and treatment equipment.

Which region contributes maximum revenue to the global eye testing equipment market?

The North American eye examination market will contribute the highest revenue during 2022- 2027.

What is the growth rate of the eye exam equipment market?

The global eye testing equipment market is likely to grow at a CAGR of 7.27% during 2021-2027.

What are the key companies mentioned in the global eye testing equipment market report?

Carl Zeiss Meditec, Takagi Seiko, Metall Zug, Topcon, Nidek, and Canon Medical System Corporation are the key companies that are profiled in the report. The report also includes other prominent vendors' profiles.

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The global eye testing equipment market was valued at USD 2.7 billion in 2021 and is expected to reach USD 4.1 billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 7.27%.

The following factors are likely to contribute to the eye testing equipment market growth during the forecast period:

  • Government Programs and Initiatives for Eyecare Delivery
  • Increasing Healthcare Expenditure
  • Growing Awareness and Favourable Patients Pool Demography
  • Increasing Prevalence of Eye Disorders & Rising Demand for Diagnosis

Base Year: 2021

Forecast Year: 2022-2027

The study considers a detailed scenario of the present eye testing equipment market and its market dynamics for the period 2022−2027. It covers a detailed overview of several market growth enablers, restraints, and trends. The research report offers both the demand and supply aspects of the market. It profiles and examines leading companies and other prominent ones operating in the market.

Key Vendors

  • Carl Zeiss Meditec
    • Business Overview
    • Product Offerings
    • Key Strengths
    • Key Strategies
    • Key Opportunities
  • Takagi Seiko
  • Metall Zug
  • Topcon
  • Nidek
  • Canon Medical System Corporation

Other Prominent Vendors

  • Apollo Medical Optics
    • Business Overview
    • Product Offerings
  • Albert Waeschle
  • AMETEK Group
  • Heidelberg Engineering
  • Shanghai Bolan Optical Electric
  • Bon Optic
  • iCare
  • Coburn Technologies
  • COSTRUZIONE STRUMETI OFTALMICI-(CSO)
  • Dino Lite Europe
  • Ellex
  • Escalon Medical
  • Essilor International
  • Huvitz
  • Heine USA Ltd
  • Iridex Corporation
  • Invotech Excel Fzsco
  • Keeler (Halma PLC)
  • Kowa Company
  • Medline Industries
  • Luneau Technology Group
  • Neitz Instruments Co Ltd.
  • Suzhou Kangjie Medical Inc
  • Spengler Holtex Group
  • OCULUS
  • Oscar Boscarol S.r.l.
  • Nikon (Healthcare)
  • Gem Optical Instruments Industries
  • Rexxam
  • Rudolf Riester GmbH
  • 66 Vision Tech
  • Veatch
  • Zumax Medical
  • Yeasn
  • Frey
  • US Ophthalmic
  • Welch Allyn
  • Zhejiang Honsun Medical Technologies Co. Ltd

Segmentation by Test Equipment

  • Autorefractor & Phoropter
  • Optical Coherence Tomography
  • Fundus Camera
  • Perimetry
  • Tonometer
  • Biometer
  • Slit lamp
  • Others

Segmentation by Application

  • Cataract
  • General Examination
  • Glaucoma
  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration
  • Others

Segmentation by End-Users

  • Hospitals & Eye Clinics
  • Ambulatory Surgical Centers (ASC)
  • xOptometry Academic Institutes

Segmentation by Geography

  • North America
    • US
    • Canada
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • France
    • UK
    • Italy
    • Spain
  • APAC
    • China
    • India
    • Japan
    • Australia
    • South Korea
  • Latin America
    • Brazil
    • Mexico
    • Argentina
  • Middle East & Africa
    • South Africa
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Turkey

1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

2 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES

3 RESEARCH PROCESS

4 SCOPE & COVERAGE

4.1 MARKET DEFINITION

4.1.1 INCLUSIONS

4.1.2 EXCLUSIONS

4.1.3 MARKET ESTIMATION CAVEATS

4.2 BASE YEAR

4.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

4.3.1 MARKET BY TEST EQUIPEMNTS

4.3.2 MARKET BY APPLICATIONS

4.3.3 MARKET BY END-USER

4.3.4 MARKET SEGMENTATION BY GEOGRAPHY

5 REPORT ASSUMPTIONS & CAVEATS

5.1 KEY CAVEATS

5.2 CURRENCY CONVERSION

5.3 MARKET DERIVATION

6 MARKET AT A GLANCE

7 INTRODUCTION

7.1 OVERVIEW

8 MARKET OPPORTUNITIES & TRENDS

8.1 INCREASING ACCESS TO HEALTHCARE IN DEVELOPING ECONOMIES

8.2 TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES IN EYE DIAGNOSTIC EQUIPMENT

8.3 RISING RELEVANCE OF DIGITAL, AI-DRIVEN SOLUTIONS FOR DIAGNOSIS & SURGERY

9 MARKET GROWTH ENABLERS

9.1 RISING GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS & EYE CARE DELIVERY INITIATIVES

9.2 INCREASING HEALTHCARE EXPENDITURE

9.3 GROWING AWARENESS & FAVORABLE PATIENT POOL

9.4 RISING DEMAND FOR DIAGNOSIS

10 MARKET GROWTH RESTRAINTS

10.1 LACK OF STANDARD SERVICES IN EMERGING MARKETS

10.2 RISKS & DISADVANTAGES OF EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT

11 MARKET LANDSCAPE

11.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

11.1.1 GEOGRAPHY SEGMENT INSIGHTS

11.1.2 TEST EQUIPEMNT SEGMENT INSIGHTS

11.1.3 APPLICATION SEGMENT INSIGHTS

11.1.4 END-USER SEGMENT INSIGHTS

11.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

11.3 FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS

11.3.1 THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS

11.3.2 BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS

11.3.3 BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS

11.3.4 THREAT OF SUBSTITUTES

11.3.5 COMPETITIVE RIVALRY

12 TEST EQUIPMENT

12.1 MARKET SNAPSHOT & GROWTH ENGINE

12.2 MARKET OVERVIEW

12.3 AUTOREFRACTOR & PHOROPTER

12.3.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

12.3.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

12.3.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

12.4 OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY (OCT)

12.4.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

12.4.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

12.4.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

12.5 FUNDUS CAMERA

12.5.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

12.5.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

12.5.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

12.6 PERIMETRY

12.6.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

12.6.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

12.6.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

12.7 TONOMETER

12.7.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

12.7.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

12.7.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

12.8 BIOMETER

12.8.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

12.8.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

12.8.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

12.9 SLIT LAMP

12.9.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

12.9.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

12.9.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

12.10 OTHERS

12.10.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

12.10.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

12.10.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

13 APPLICATION

13.1 MARKET SNAPSHOT & GROWTH ENGINE

13.2 MARKET OVERVIEW

13.3 CATARACT

13.3.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

13.3.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

13.3.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

13.4 GENERAL EXAMINATION

13.4.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

13.4.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

13.4.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

13.5 GLAUCOMA

13.5.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

13.5.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

13.5.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

13.6 AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION (AMD)

13.6.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

13.6.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

13.6.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

13.7 OTHER

13.7.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

13.7.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

13.7.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

14 END-USER

14.1 MARKET SNAPSHOT & GROWTH ENGINE

14.2 MARKET OVERVIEW

14.3 HOSPITALS & EYE CLINICS

14.3.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

14.3.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

14.3.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

14.4 AMBULATORY SURGICAL CENTERS (ASCS)

14.4.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

14.4.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

14.4.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

14.5 OPTOMETRY ACADEMIC INSTITUTES

14.5.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

14.5.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

14.5.3 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

15 GEOGRAPHY

15.1 MARKET SNAPSHOT & GROWTH ENGINE

15.2 GEOGRAPHIC OVERVIEW

16 NORTH AMERICA

16.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

16.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

16.2.1 NORTH AMERICA: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT

16.2.2 NORTH AMERICA: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION

16.2.3 NORTH AMERICA: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER

16.3 KEY COUNTRIES

16.3.1 US: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

16.3.2 CANADA: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

17 EUROPE

17.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

17.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

17.2.1 EUROPE: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT

17.2.2 EUROPE: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION

17.2.3 EUROPE: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END USER

17.3 KEY COUNTRIES

17.3.1 GERMANY: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

17.3.2 FRANCE: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

17.3.3 UK: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

17.3.4 ITALY: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

17.3.5 SPAIN: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

18 APAC

18.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

18.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

18.2.1 APAC: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT

18.2.2 APAC: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION

18.2.3 APAC: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER

18.3 KEY COUNTRIES

18.3.1 JAPAN: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

18.3.2 CHINA: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

18.3.3 INDIA: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

18.3.4 AUSTRALIA: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

18.3.5 SOUTH KOREA: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

19 LATIN AMERICA

19.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

19.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

19.2.1 LATIN AMERICA: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT

19.2.2 LATIN AMERICA: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION

19.2.3 LATIN AMERICA: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER

19.3 KEY COUNTRIES

19.3.1 BRAZIL: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

19.3.2 MEXICO: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

19.3.3 ARGENTINA: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

20 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA

20.1 MARKET OVERVIEW

20.2 MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

20.2.1 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT

20.2.2 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION

20.2.3 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER

20.3 KEY COUNTRIES

20.3.1 TURKEY: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

20.3.2 SOUTH AFRICA: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

20.3.3 SAUDI ARABIA: MARKET SIZE & FORECAST

21 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

21.1 COMPETITION OVERVIEW

21.2 MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS

21.2.1 CARL ZEISS

21.2.2 TOPCON CORPORATION

21.2.3 NIDEK

21.2.4 METALL ZUG (HAAG STREIT)

22 KEY COMPANY PROFILES

22.1 CARL ZEISS MEDITEC

22.1.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

22.1.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

22.1.3 KEY STRATEGIES

22.1.4 KEY STRENGTHS

22.1.5 KEY OPPORTUNITIES

22.2 TAKAGI SEIKO

22.2.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

22.2.2 PRODUCT OFFERING

22.2.3 KEY STRATEGIES

22.2.4 KEY STRENGTHS

22.2.5 KEY OPPORTUNITIES

22.3 METALL ZUG

22.3.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

22.3.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

22.3.3 KEY STRATEGIES

22.3.4 KEY STRENGTHS

22.3.5 KEY OPPORTUNITIES

22.4 TOPCON

22.4.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

22.4.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

22.4.3 KEY STRATEGIES

22.4.4 KEY STRENGTHS

22.4.5 KEY OPPORTUNITIES

22.5 NIDEK

22.5.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

22.5.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

22.5.3 KEY STRATEGIES

22.5.4 KEY STRENGTHS

22.5.5 KEY OPPORTUNITIES

23 OTHER PROMINENT VENDORS

23.1 APOLLO MEDICAL OPTICS

23.1.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.1.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.2 ALBERT WAESCHLE

23.2.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.2.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.3 AMTEK GROUP

23.3.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.3.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.4 CANON MEDICAL SYSTEM CORPORATION

23.4.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.4.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.5 HEIDELBEG ENGINEERING

23.5.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.5.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.6 SHANGHAI BOLAN OPTICAL ELECTRIC

23.6.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.6.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.7 BON OPTIC

23.7.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.8 REVENIO GROUP (ICARE)

23.8.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.8.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.9 COBURN TECHNOLOGIES

23.9.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.9.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.10 COSTRUZIONE STRUMETI OFTALMICI-CSO

23.10.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.10.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.11 DINO-LITE EUROPE (ANMO ELECTRONIC CORPORATION)

23.11.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.11.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.12 ELLEX

23.12.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.12.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.13 ESCALON MEDICAL

23.13.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.13.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.14 ESSILOR INTERNATIONAL

23.14.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.14.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.15 HUVITZ

23.15.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.15.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.16 HEINE USA LTD.

23.16.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.16.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.17 IRIDEX CORPORATION

23.17.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.17.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.18 INVOTECH EXCEL FZCO

23.18.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.18.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.19 KEELER (HALMA PLC)

23.19.1 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.20 KOWA COMPANY

23.20.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.20.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.21 MEDLINE INDUSTRIES

23.21.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.21.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.22 LUNEAU TECHNOLOGY GROUP

23.22.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.23 NEITZ INSTRUMENTS CO. LTD.

23.23.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.23.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.24 SUZHOU KANGJIE MEDICAL

23.24.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.24.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.25 SPENGLER HOLTEX GROUP

23.25.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.25.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.26 OCULUS

23.26.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.26.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.27 OSCAR BOSCAROL S.R.L.

23.27.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.27.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.28 NIKON

23.28.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.28.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.29 GEM OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS INDUSTRIES

23.29.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.29.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.30 REXXAM

23.30.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.30.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.31 RUDOLF RIESTER GMBH

23.31.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.31.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.32 66 VISION TECH

23.32.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.32.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.33 VEATCH

23.33.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.33.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.34 ZUMAX MEDICAL

23.34.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.34.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.35 YEASN

23.35.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.35.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.36 FREY

23.36.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.36.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.37 US OPHTHALMIC

23.37.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.37.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.38 WELCH ALLYN (HILL ROM)

23.38.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.38.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

23.39 ZHEJIANG HONSUN MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD

23.39.1 BUSINESS OVERVIEW

23.39.2 PRODUCT OFFERINGS

24 REPORT SUMMARY

24.1 KEY TAKEAWAYS

24.2 STRATEGIC RECOMMENDATIONS

25 QUANTITATIVE SUMMARY

25.1 MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY

25.2 MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT

25.2.1 NORTH AMERICA

25.2.2 EUROPE

25.2.3 APAC

25.2.4 LATIN AMERICA

25.2.5 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA

25.3 MARKET BY APPLIACTION

25.3.1 NORTH AMERICA

25.3.2 EUROPE

25.3.3 APAC

25.3.4 LATIN AMERICA

25.3.5 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA

25.4 MARKET BY END-USER

25.4.1 NORTH AMERICA

25.4.2 EUROPE

25.4.3 APAC

25.4.4 LATIN AMERICA

25.4.5 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA

26 APPENDIX

26.1 ABBREVIATIONS

LIST OF EXHIBITS

EXHIBIT 1 SEGMENTATION OF GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET

EXHIBIT 2 MARKET SIZE CALCULATION APPROACH 2021

EXHIBIT 3 GLOBAL EYE HEALTH 2020

EXHIBIT 4 EYE HEALTH REVOLUTION 1948–2020

EXHIBIT 5 IMPACT OF INCREASING ACCESS TO HEALTHCARE IN DEVELOPING ECONOMIES

EXHIBIT 6 EMERGING COUNTRIES & HEALTH INVESTMENT IMPACT 2040

EXHIBIT 7 IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES IN EYE DIAGNOSTIC EQUIPMENT

EXHIBIT 8 IMPACT OF RISING RELEVANCE OF DIGITAL, AI-DRIVEN SOLUTIONS FOR DIAGNOSIS & SURGERY

EXHIBIT 9 BENEFITS OF AI & DIGITAL EYE EXAMINATION EQUIPMENT

EXHIBIT 10 IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS AND  EYE CARE DELIVERY INITIATIVES

EXHIBIT 11 IMPACT OF INCREASING HEALTHCARE EXPENDITURE

EXHIBIT 12 HEALTHCARE & EYECARE EXPENDITURE IN LOW-MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES

EXHIBIT 13 EYE CARE EXPENDITURE IN US  IN 2015 ($ BILLION)

EXHIBIT 14 IMPACT OF GROWING AWARENESS AND FAVORABLE PATIENT POOL

EXHIBIT 15 GLOBAL KEY FACTS ABOUT BLINDNESS & VISION IMPAIRMENT

EXHIBIT 16 IMPACT OF RISING DEMAND FOR DIAGNOSIS

EXHIBIT 17 EYE DISORDERS WITH ESTIMATED PREVALENCE

EXHIBIT 18 IMPACT OF LACK OF STANDARD SERVICES IN EMERGING MARKETS

EXHIBIT 19 IMPACT OF RISKS & DISADVANTAGES OF EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT

EXHIBIT 20 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: MARKET SHARE BY REGIONS 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 21 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: MARKET SHARE BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 22 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: MARKET SHARE BY APPLICATION 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 23 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: MARKET SHARE BY END-USER 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 24 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 25 FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS 2021

EXHIBIT 26 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 27 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2022–2027

EXHIBIT 28 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT: INCREMENTAL GROWTH

EXHIBIT 29 GLOBAL AUTOREFRACTOR & PHOROPTER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 30 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY AUTOREFRACTOR & PHOROPTER 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 31 GLOBAL OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 32 GLOBAL OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 33 INCREASING PREVALENCE RATE OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY & MACULAR EDEMA YOY (%) 2020

EXHIBIT 34 GLOBAL FUNDUS CAMERA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 35 GLOBAL FUNDUS CAMERA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 36 REASONS FOR PERIMETRY PERFORMANCE

EXHIBIT 37 GLOBAL PERIMETRY EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 38 GLOBAL PERIMETRY EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 39 GLOBAL TONOMETER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 40 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TONOMETER 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 41 GLOBAL BIOMETER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 42 GLOBAL BIOMETER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 43 GLOBAL SLIT LAMP EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 44 GLOBAL SLIT LAMP EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT  MARKET BY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 45 GLOBAL OTHER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 46 GLOBAL OTHER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 47 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY APPLICATION 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 48 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION 2022–2027

EXHIBIT 49 BLINDNESS CAUSING DISEASE PREVALENCE

EXHIBIT 50 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION: INCREMENTAL GROWTH

EXHIBIT 51 CATARACT & APPLICATION OF EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT

EXHIBIT 52 GLOBAL CATARACT EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 53 GLOBAL CATARACT EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 54 GENERAL EYE EXAMINATION & APPLICATION OF EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT

EXHIBIT 55 GLOBAL GENERAL EXAMINATION EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 56 GLOBAL GENERAL EXAMINATION EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 57 GLOBAL GLAUCOMA PREVALENCE 2013–2040 (MILLION)

EXHIBIT 58 GLOBAL GLAUCOMA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 59 GLOBAL GLAUCOMA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 60 GLOBAL AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 61 GLOBAL AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET  2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 62 GLOBAL OTHER APPLICATION EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 63 GLOBAL OTHER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 64 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY END-USER 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 65 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER 2022-2027

EXHIBIT 66 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER: INCREMENTAL GROWTH

EXHIBIT 67 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER: ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 68 GLOBAL HOSPITALS & EYE CLINICS EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 69 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY HOSPITALS & EYE CLINICS 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 70 GLOBAL AMBULATORY SURGICAL CENTERS EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 71 FACTORS BOOSTING DEMAND FOR ACS IN EYE CARE

EXHIBIT 72 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY AMBULATORY SURGICAL CENTERS 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 73 GLOBAL OPTOMETRY ACADEMIC INSTITUTES EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH & ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 74 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY OPTOMETRY ACADEMIC INSTITUTES 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 75 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY GEOGRAPHY 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 76 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2022–2027

EXHIBIT 77 GLOBAL VISION IMPAIRMENT PREVALENCE 2020

EXHIBIT 78 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY REGION: INCREMENTAL GROWTH

EXHIBIT 79 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY REGION: ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 80 NORTH AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH &ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 81 NORTH AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: KEY COUNTRIES 2021 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 82 NORTH AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 83 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 84 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY APPLICATION 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 85 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY END-USER 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 86 INCREMENTAL GROWTH IN NORTH AMERICA 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 87 EYE DISEASE PREVALENCE IN US

EXHIBIT 88 US EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 89 CANADA: EYE CONDITIONS, PREVALENCE RATE, INITIATIVES, & REGIONAL ACTIVITIES

EXHIBIT 90 CANADA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 91 EYE DISEASE PREVALENCE IN EUROPE 2020

EXHIBIT 92 EUROPE EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: KEY COUNTRIES 2021 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 93 EUROPE EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH &ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 94 EUROPE EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 95 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 96 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY APPLICATION 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 97 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY END USER 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 98 INCREMENTAL GROWTH IN EUROPE 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 99 PREVALENCE OF VISION LOSS IN GERMANY 2020 (%)

EXHIBIT 100 GERMANY EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 101 FRANCE EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 102 POAG PREVALENCE IN UK BY AGE 2020

EXHIBIT 103 UK EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 104 EYE DISEASE PREVALENCE IN POPULATION AGED ABOVE 50 2020

EXHIBIT 105 ITALY EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 106 CRUDE PREVALENCE OF VISION LOSS IN SPAIN 2020

EXHIBIT 107 SPAIN EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 108 APAC EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: KEY COUNTRIES 2021 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 109 APAC EYE DISEASE PREVALENCE

EXHIBIT 110 PEOPLE WITH MODERATE TO SEVERE VISUAL IMPAIRMENT IN APAC 2021 (MILLION)

EXHIBIT 111 APAC EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH &ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 112 APAC EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 113 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 114 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY APPLICATION 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 115 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY END-USER 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 116 INCREMENTAL GROWTH IN APAC 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 117 VISUAL IMPAIRMENT CAUSES 2016 (%)

EXHIBIT 118 JAPAN EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 119 CHINA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET IN 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 120 INDIA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET IN 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 121 AUSTRALIA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 122 SOUTH KOREA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET  2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 123 LATIN AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH &ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 124 LATIN AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: KEY COUNTRIES 2021 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 125 LATIN AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 126 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 127 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY APPLICATION 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 128 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY END-USER 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 129 INCREMENTAL GROWTH IN LATIN AMERICA 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 130 VISION LOSS & AGE-ASSOCIATED RISKS 2020

EXHIBIT 131 BRAZIL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 132 PREVALENCE OF VISION LOSS IN MEXICO 2020 (ALL AGES, MALE & FEMALE)

EXHIBIT 133 MEXICO EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 134 ARGENTINA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 135 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: INCREMENTAL GROWTH &ABSOLUTE GROWTH

EXHIBIT 136 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET: KEY COUNTRIES 2021 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 137 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 138 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 139 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY APPLICATION 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 140 INCREMENTAL GROWTH BY END-USER 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 141 INCREMENTAL GROWTH IN MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 2021 & 2027

EXHIBIT 142 CRUDE PREVALENCE OF VISION LOSS IN TURKEY 2020 (%)

EXHIBIT 143 TURKEY: ADULT POPULATION WITH EYE DISEASES (%)

EXHIBIT 144 TURKEY EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 145 SOUTH AFRICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 146 DISEASES CAUSING VISUAL IMPAIRMENT 2020

EXHIBIT 147 SAUDI ARABIA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET IN 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 148 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT KEY VENDOR MARKET SHARE (2021)

EXHIBIT 149 CARL ZEISS MEDITEC ANNUAL REVENUE 2018-2021 ($ BILLION)

EXHIBIT 150 METALL ZUG: ANNUAL REVENUE 2018-2020 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 151 METALL ZUG: MEDICAL DEVICE BUSINESS UNIT REVENUE 2018–2020 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 152 TOPCON: ANNUAL REVENUE 2018-2021 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 153 TOPCON ANNUAL REVENUE BY GEOGRAPHY 2020

EXHIBIT 154 NIDEK: ANNUAL REPORT 2018-2020 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 155 NIDEK: BUSINESS SEGMENT ANNUAL REVENUE 2020 ($ MILLION)

EXHIBIT 156 NIDEK: ANNUAL REVENUE BY GEOGRAPHY 2020 ($ MILLION)

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 1 KEY CAVEATS

TABLE 2 CURRENCY CONVERSION 2015−2021

TABLE 3 GLOBAL AUTOREFRACTOR & PHOROPTER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 4 GLOBAL AUTOREFRACTOR & PHOROPTER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 5 GLOBAL OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 6 GLOBAL OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 7 GLOBAL FUNDUS CAMERA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021−2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 8 GLOBAL FUNDUS CAMERA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021−2027 ($ MILLION) (%)

TABLE 9 GLOBAL PERIMETRY EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 10 GLOBAL PERIMETRY EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 11 GLOBAL TONOMETER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 12 GLOBAL TONOMETER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 13 GLOBAL BIOMETER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 14 GLOBAL BIOMETER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 15 MAJOR SELLERS OF SLIT LAMPS

TABLE 16 GLOBAL SLIT LAMP EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 17 GLOBAL SLIT LAMP EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 18 GLOBAL OTHER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 19 GLOBAL OTHER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 20 GLOBAL CATARACT EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 21 GLOBAL CATARACT EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 22 GLOBAL GENERAL EXAMINATION EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 23 GLOBAL GENERAL EXAMINATION EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 24 GLOBAL GLAUCOMA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 25 GLOBAL GLAUCOMA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 26 GLOBAL AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 27 GLOBAL AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 28 GLOBAL OTHER EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 29 GLOBAL OTHER APPLICATIONS EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 30 GLOBAL HOSPITALS & EYE CLINICS EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 31 GLOBAL HOSPITALS & EYE CLINICS EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 32 GLOBAL AMBULATORY SURGICAL CENTERS EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 33 GLOBAL AMBULATORY SURGICAL CENTERS EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 34 GLOBAL OPTOMETRY ACADEMIC INSTITUTES EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 35 GLOBAL OPTOMETRY ACADEMIC INSTITUTES EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 36 CAUSES OF BLINDNESS IN CANADA

TABLE 37 CARL ZEISS MEDITEC: REVENUE BY GEOGRAPHY

TABLE 38 CARL ZEISS MEDITEC: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 39 TAKAGI SEIKO: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 40 METALL ZUG(HAAG STREIT): MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 41 TOPCON: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 42 NIDEK: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 43 APOLLO MEDICAL OPTICS: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 44 ALBERT WAESCHLE: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 45 AMETEK GROUP: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 46 CANON MEDICAL SYSTEM CORPORATION: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 47 HEIDELBERG ENGINEERING: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 48 SHANGHAI BOLAN OPTICAL ELECTRIC: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 49 BON OPTIC:  MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 50 REVENIO GROUP OYJ (ICARE): MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 51 COBURN TECHNOLOGIES:  MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 52 COSTRUZIONE STRUMETI OFTALMICI-(CSO): MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 53 DINO LITE EUROPE: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 54 ELLEX: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 55 ESCALON MEDICAL: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 56 ESSILOR INTERNATIONAL: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 57 HUVITZ: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 58 HEINE USA LTD.: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 59 IRIDEX CORPORATION: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 60 INVOTECH EXCEL FZSCO: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 61 KEELER (HALMA PLC): MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 62 KOWA COMPANY: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 63 MEDLINE INDUSTRIES: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 64 LUNEAU TECHNOLOGY GROUP: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 65 NEITZ INSTRUMENTS CO LTD.: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 66 SUZHOU KANGJIE MEDICAL INC: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 67 SPENGLER: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 68 OCULUS: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 69 OSCAR BOSCAROL S.R.L.: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 70 NIKON: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 71 GEM OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS INDUSTRIES: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 72 REXXAM: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 73 RUDOLF RIESTER GMBH: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 74 66 VISION TECH: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 75 VEATCH: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 76 ZUMAX MEDICAL: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 77 YEASN: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 78 FREY: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 79 US OPHTHALMIC: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 80 WELCH ALLYN: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 81 ZHEJIANG HONSUN MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD: MAJOR PRODUCT OFFERINGS

TABLE 82 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 83 GLOBAL EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHY 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 84 NORTH AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 85 NORTH AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 86 EUROPE EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 87 EUROPE EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 88 APAC EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 89 APAC EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 90 LATIN AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 91 LATIN AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 92 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 93 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TEST EQUIPMENT 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 94 NORTH AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 95 NORTH AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 96 EUROPE EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 97 EUROPE EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 98 APAC EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 99 APAC EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 100 LATIN AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 101 LATIN AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 102 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 103 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY APPLICATION 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 104 NORTH AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 105 NORTH AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 106 EUROPE EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 107 EUROPE EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 108 APAC EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER 2021-2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 109 APAC EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 110 LATIN AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 111 LATIN AMERICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER 2021–2027 (%)

TABLE 112 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER 2021–2027 ($ MILLION)

TABLE 113 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA EYE TESTING EQUIPMENT MARKET BY END-USER 2021–2027 (%)

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